Prior to the fall of the Berlin Wall, Poland had been preparing to leave behind the political models imposed by communist domination for some time. The idea was to move towards what in the preamble to the current Constitution is defined as “sovereign and democratic determination of our own destiny”. The transition from the Soviet
bloc occurred peacefully, enabling the installation of the first non-Communist government immediately after democratic
elections in 1989. The internal changes of the reborn Polish democracy were consolidated by two turning points in the country’s international relations: its admittance into NATO and shortly thereafter into the European Union. 

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