Is it the end of Islamic State (IS)? It is difficult to see how the group could return after the recapturing of Raqqa and Mosul, but the quick rise and apparent fall of IS has plagued the region with horrific crimes and mass destruction while planting the seeds of sectarian strife. It can be argued that the chief strategic outcome from the existence of IS was that the regional gates were left wide open for global and major regional powers to return and become active.

READ MORE: Coal among the corals

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