Cyprus survived the Ottoman occupation and won its independence from Great Britain. It’s a country that can’t put its tormented past to rest.
The Cypriot division is undoubtedly the longest conflict in recent European history. Tensions began mounting in 1964, culminating in the physical division of the island ten years later, following the Turkish invasion (1974) and the founding of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) in 1983. The separation between the Turkish and Greek-Cypriot communities is ongoing, and is one of the more serious instances in which international mediation is attempting to find a solution that may enable full recognition of the otherwise politically isolated Turkish sector.