Over the course of just a few months in 2017, the world witnessed two of the largest hacker attacks in history: the Wannacry ransomware attack in May and another called Petya in June. Thousands of computers all over the planet – from the United States to Russia to Brazil to Australia – were infected with damaging software, known as malware, nearly simultaneously. The attacks managed to compromise the computer systems of the Ukraine National Bank, Britain’s National Health Service, Germany’s National Railway and even the radiation monitoring system in Chernobyl.

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