EU on a quest for defence
PESCO is a failed opportunity to build a common defence, dashed by the need for unanimity and France and Germany’s limited involvement.
- Thursday, 01 March 2018
Launched at the end of 2017 by the European Council, permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) in the ﬁeld of European defence is akin to beauty: much is in the eye of the beholder. Those who approach the issue of European defence with pro-European and federalist aspirations see the steps taken in 2016–2017 as a breakthrough, carrying great expectations and hopes. Those who, given their age and experience, have known previous breakthroughs that have petered out are much more sceptical about PESCO, not out of a lesser yearning for Europe but because they are aware of the limitations of the initiative and the obstacles that it will face.