The European Union is probably facing its most difficult phase since the foundation of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in 1952 or the foundation of the European Economic Community (EEC), ratified in the Treaty of Rome in 1957.
With Brexit, the rising popularity of populist, sovereignty-focused and anti-European (or at least Eurosceptic) parties in many members states, the growing conflicts between the north and south of the continent as a result of the euro crisis and the strenuous resistance of many Eastern European countries to the joint EU policy on refugees and migrants, a widespread feeling has developed that the EU is in a profound rut that can only be overcome with a strong move towards integration. 

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