Europe and Africa have a longstanding relationship that has taken on different forms over the centuries. There have been periods of collaboration followed by confrontations and dominations that have given rise to a constant flow of people, assets and ideas between the opposite shores of the Mediterranean. Proximity has connected what are essentially two different civilisations, creating a context of mutual crossfertilisation that has been extremely fruitful for both parties. The ongoing exchange has led to the development of what is undoubtedly one of the great highways of humanity’s history and thought. To some extent, this historical phenomenon continues into the present day. In the future however, unless current trends are reversed, the relationship appears set to gradually dissolve

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