EU on a quest for defence

Back    Forward

PESCO is a failed opportunity to build a common defence, dashed by the need for unanimity and France and Germany’s limited involvement.

Launched at the end of 2017 by the European Council, permanent structured cooperation (PESCO) in the field of European defence is akin to beauty: much is in the eye of the beholder. Those who approach the issue of European defence with pro-European and federalist aspirations see the steps taken in 2016–2017 as a breakthrough, carrying great expectations and hopes. Those who, given their age and experience, have known previous breakthroughs that have petered out are much more sceptical about PESCO, not out of a lesser yearning for Europe but because they are aware of the limitations of the initiative and the obstacles that it will face.

To keep reading, purchase the pdf file of this issue

To subscribe to the magazine please access our subscription page here

Continue reading this article and all other Eastwest and content.

Subscribe for 1 year and gain unlimited access to all content on plus both the digital and the hard copy of the geopolitical magazine for € 45, or gain 1 year of unlimited access to only the website and digital magazine for € 20


Do you have a PREMIUM or DIGITAL+WEB subscription? Login to profilo personale