Freedom and the fundamental rights of the person have once more been thrust into the limelight across the world. As Professor Stefano Rodotà explains in this interview, there can be no globalization of markets without a globalization of rights. And as a long series of incidents has highlighted, the same thing is true in very civil Europe.
You can see it already at the border: Bulgarians are less cheerful than Romanians. They way they walk and talk is marked by the warrior pride of the Slavs and the resigned sadness of the post-Communist era, seasoned with a pinch of black humour. Stalin came down hard here. He demolished villages, deported the rural population, built massive steel mills and kolchoz of which only scraps remain. Outside Sofia, on the other hand...
Like many Italian businessmen, he’s somewhat naïf. He started out producing hosiery and built up a successful company, Filodoro, which he subsequently sold to the American corporation Sara Lee. He made his comeback with the purchase of the Roberta brand and now owns Pompea. Adriano Rodella tells the story of his entrepreneurial adventure which sees him at the top with firms in Italy, Serbia, Tunisia, and offices in half Europe.
Parmigiano Reggiano is known abroad as Parmesan and, for European consumers, Parmesan is synonymous with Italy. However, Roberto Roveri, CEO of the Parma-based company Bertozzi, believes in the need to keep investing in the brand and product quality. Roveri was one of the first to realise that it was possible to export cheese in non-traditional forms.
She manages a publishing house that’s unique in its genre: only a handful of publications, but they’re all extremely successful – from design and architecture magazine “Domus”, sold in 52 countries including Russia, to the car magazine “Quattroruote”, which has Brazilian, Spanish, Central and Eastern European and even Chinese editions. Giovanna Mazzocchi, the “dottoressa”, explains the reasons for this success in this interview.
Most travelers to Simferopol see it as a jump-off point on the way to the popular seaside spots of Yalta or Sevastopol. In fact, the Ukrainian city is a remarkable cultural melting pot that combines deep Tatar roots with a Soviet-era population that has finally come of age in the 21st century. A close look at the city reveals not only its multiethnic roots, but also an unforgettably brutal history.
Since the death of Enver Hoxa in 1986, Albania has been portrayed as country down on its luck with a citizenry desperately eager to flee. But the image is flawed. Tirana is booming. The country is growing. Most important, the nation's youth is increasingly inclined to succeed on its own soil. Though EU visa restrictions will be liberalized this fall, few foresee a new Western exodus, largely because economic opportunity is better at home than abroad.
The enlargement of the Schengen area in 2007 opened Western Europe to former Soviet bloc states. Gone are the Cold War-era border crossings that divided the continent for more than half-a-century. Unchecked frontiers and easy passage has revolutionized both travel and traffic flow. The openings have produced cases of remarkable rapprochement, with ties between Austria and Slovakia as a good example. But cordiality is not always a constant. In some cases, historical animosities endure.
The year 1989 saw the Tiananmen Square revolt, the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the ouster and assassination of long-time Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu, considered a friend of theWest during the Cold War. .The author visited Romania less than two months after his ouster and recalls the country’s more fragile times.
A bus trip from the Montenegrin capital Podgorica and Sarajevo means traveling across ethnically-charged landscape. It also means listening to adamant young Serbs convinced Bosnia needs to break apart yet again. . But once in Sarajevo, traces of old multi-ethnicity return, again suggesting that the only salvation for the Balkans is a trip back to the future.
Slovakia’s burgeoning capital is gradually taking on a new look, one which combines centuries of history, a 20th century dominated by socialism, and more recent pressures of the private sector. Banks and office buildings are going up. Stretches of the Danube waterfront left abandoned for decades are being filled in by new structures inspired by a Western architectural vision. . But who said a shopping center can’t fit into a city’s master plan?
Arriving by sea, the Italian writers Edmondo De Amicis and Corrado Alvaro were each mesmerized by the Istanbul skyline. Once in the city, they were smitten by its intensity and its trade-oriented hubbub. Though De Amicis tended to see more brightness than Alvaro, both agreed the Turkish metropolis was the last European enclave of the eastward-sprawling Mediterranean condominium.
Thirty years after the military took power in Turkey in September 1980, voters went to the polls to approve an overhaul of the country’s constitution, intended to bring the country more closely into line with European Union norms. . Among the changes was the lifting of legal immunity from those responsible for the 1980 coup.