A bus trip from the Montenegrin capital Podgorica and Sarajevo means traveling across ethnically-charged landscape. It also means listening to adamant young Serbs convinced Bosnia needs to break apart yet again. . But once in Sarajevo, traces of old multi-ethnicity return, again suggesting that the only salvation for the Balkans is a trip back to the future.
Slovakia’s burgeoning capital is gradually taking on a new look, one which combines centuries of history, a 20th century dominated by socialism, and more recent pressures of the private sector. Banks and office buildings are going up. Stretches of the Danube waterfront left abandoned for decades are being filled in by new structures inspired by a Western architectural vision. . But who said a shopping center can’t fit into a city’s master plan?
Arriving by sea, the Italian writers Edmondo De Amicis and Corrado Alvaro were each mesmerized by the Istanbul skyline. Once in the city, they were smitten by its intensity and its trade-oriented hubbub. Though De Amicis tended to see more brightness than Alvaro, both agreed the Turkish metropolis was the last European enclave of the eastward-sprawling Mediterranean condominium.
Thirty years after the military took power in Turkey in September 1980, voters went to the polls to approve an overhaul of the country’s constitution, intended to bring the country more closely into line with European Union norms. . Among the changes was the lifting of legal immunity from those responsible for the 1980 coup.
For the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, 2011 presents interesting challenges. As the European Union takes a new tack, the region’s individual nations will need to consolidate economic growth face electoral challenges in an effort to ensure political stability, lately under siege as a result of the implementation of austerity measures that characterized 2010.
Soon after ouster and execution of dictator Nicolae Ceausescu, Romanian and Hungarian residents of the city Târgu Mures clashed. The ethnic fighting was the worst in the immediate post-Berlin Wall period. Since then, the city has become something of a Romanian bastion, with ethnic Hungarians moving away in droves. Despite peaceful co-existence, palpable tension remains. While the two sides intermingle, they’re hardly united. . It’s a 20-year-old wound that won’t go away.
In 1716, English aristocrat Montagu joined her husband in Istanbul after he was appointed ambassador. Afriend to Pope and Addison, she used her literary gifts to chronicle her Ottoman Empire stay, observing customs while studying medical techniques that helped bring Turkish smallpox treatments to the West. Here are excerpts from letters contained in the book “Embassy to Constantinople: The Travels of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu”.
The Lithuanian capital of Vilnius played an important role in Tolstoy’s landmark epic “War and Peace,” but mostly a post-Napoleonic piece of the new Russian empire. Later, its history overlapped with that of Poland. Now, it’s a thriving, independent Baltic city whose Baroque and neoclassical roots, lauded by UNESCO, coexist with an longstanding appreciation of pop culture.
What are today’s young Europeans’ favourite consumer goods? Surveys by market research agency Millward Brown shows that Eastern European youngsters prefer more traditional means of communication, consume less, play a lot of sport and mainly travel to learn about new places. In the West, on the other hand, clothing brands must offer more than just apparel and young couples have a dualist approach to life.
Unemployment is the main problem facing young people born after the fall of the Communist regimes. Setting up one’s own business is an alternative to emigration. But creativity and risk propensity are not enough, because an adequate financial system to support enterprise is lacking. Hence there is a need for committed policies able to put in place...
The eurozone sovereign debt crisis that is transforming the politicsof Europe throws up a threefold challenge. The crisis tests the possibility to sustain a successful European currency union on the basis of rule-based but essentially voluntary macroeconomic cooperation of its constituent member states.
The recent announcement that the threshold of 400 parts per million (ppm) of CO2 concentration in the atmosphere of our planet had been exceeded went virtually unnoticed. In a Hollywood film, this kind of news might have roused world public opinion while heads of state gathered at emergency summits. Instead it fell on deaf ears, overshadowed by news of the financial crisis or tensions between military powers.
The Macedonia of nationalist-leaning Prime Minister Nikola Gurevski is determined to carve a modern place by reworking ancient history. It has anointed Alexander the Great as a hero and made him the centerpiece in the remaking of the national capital of Skopje. As a result, the former Yugoslav republic now has two enemies: it’s own Albanian minority and Athens. Suddenly, European membership and national stability seem further away than ever.