«As a journalist for 40 years I have tried to explain the world. You can only fight what you understand. I firmly beleve that». Reporter and French writer of Armenian descent, Pascal Manoukian is witness of most important international conflicts between the years 1975 and 1995.
The official announcement of the start of AMISOM's withdrawal from Somalia arrived Tuesday from the head of the African Union's peacekeeping mission, Francisco Caetano Jose Madeira of Mozambique, who during a press conference in Mogadishu, explained that to safeguard security of the local population the withdrawal will be gradual and will be completed by the end of 2020.
The terrorist attack on Mogadishu, where at least 358 people were killed last October 14, and the ambush on October 5, in the southwest of Niger, near the border with Mali, where four U.S. Army Green Beretand five Nigerien military have lost their lives, marked a new escalation in the Trump's war on terrorism in Africa.
After half a century, the issue of Biafra's independence still sparks tension in Nigeria's diplomatic relations. The last controversy came last Monday when President Muhammad Buhari's executive rejected the criticisms of the United States and the European Union, regarding the decision to classify as a terrorist organization the secessionist movement of Indigenous Peoples of Biafra (IPOB).
While North Korea has successfully executed its sixth nuclear test, the fact that al-Shabaab's Islamic extremists would have captured critical surface exposed uranium deposits in the autonomous Galmudug region and are strip mining triuranium octoxide for transport to Iran, takes on an even more disturbing tone.
Electoral promise by Nigerian President Muhammad Bukhari's, severely ill for months, to definitively free the nation from Boko Haram's terror and bring peace back to being abstract, as confirmed by repeated attacks by the Nigerian extremist group.
"Over the last decade, terrorist activity in Africa grew by 1.000%, a worrying figure due to high youth unemployment rates and the lack of a basic level of education." This is what emerges from the annual study by the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, which this year is titled Africa at a tipping point.
Tens of thousands of civilian lives are being systematically and intentionally wiped out year after year by combat operations that are part of an undeclared yet ongoing war in many countries in the Middle East and Central Asia that have now become nothing more than battlefields. Iraq, 15,000 civilian casualties on average a year. Pakistan, an average of 4,000.