«As a journalist for 40 years I have tried to explain the world. You can only fight what you understand. I firmly beleve that». Reporter and French writer of Armenian descent, Pascal Manoukian is witness of most important international conflicts between the years 1975 and 1995.
«They want to destroy Syria, the one remaining independent Arab state, and the heart of the Axis of Resistance (linked to Iran and Hezbollah)». What Australian writer and scholar Tim Anderson realizes in his accurate and well-documented essay, The Dirty War on Syria – published in 2016 by Global Research Publishers and the following year in Italy by Zambon Editore – is a fundamental reversal of perspective about war on Syria, its true causes and hidden interests of powers involved.
While forms of radicalisation have been on the rise worldwide, some young Muslims, especially in European prisons, seem to get caught up in religious fundamentalism, and increasingly become entangled in Jihadist ideologies such as that of ISIS. Among other things, the increase of terrorist attacks and populism in Europe have made it more necessary to understand the ideological currents leading to extremism, as well as the political discourse around strategies of preventing radicalisation. This article addresses the following four points: The definition of radicalisation as a phenomenon, the definition of instrumentlisation of religion, religiously framed countermeasures to radicalisation, and the dangers thereof.
Mohamed Iqbel Ben Rejeb, president of RATTA, the Rescue Association of Tunisians Trapped Abroad, sat in a chair in the hall of a hotel in Avenue Bourguiba, the Champs Elysées of Tunis. His phone was constantly ringing. He screened every single person entering the building. With him was the father of a jihadist fighter killed in Iraq. His name was Mohamed too.
In recent days, a new group has been added to the East African jihadist scene. It is Jahba East Africa, who has sworn allegiance to the Islamic State recognizing Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi as the legitimate leader of all Muslims. In a statement published in English in recent days on Twitter, the new group claims to have already recruited militants in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Somalia.
On 7 March last year, the radical Nigerian group Boko Haram through an audio message pledged allegiance to the Caliph Abu Bakr al-Baghadadi. The affiliation transformed the territories occupied by Boko Haram in one of ten wilayat of the Islamic State (gone to eleven, after the oath of allegiance of last February by Filipinos jihadist groups) and in less than two months the terrorist organization Nigerian would also renamed Islamic State’s West Africa Province - ISWAP (Wilayat Gharb Ifriqiya).