The many adventurous paths that lead to a European Union: involving politics, society, culture, economics, finance, the military.
A co-authored blog to describe the complexity of a new concept.
«It is already 18 months that terrorists attack civilians, now the target is becoming religious symbols, taking as a pretext our religion, we cannot stand that anymore» with these words Mohammed Karabila , the Imam of the mosque that arised on a portion of territory offered from the Catholic Church in Saint Etienne du Rouvray, commented the death of his friend and parish Jacques Hamel, as reported by Le Point, they were part of an interconfessional committee.
A generation has been lost because of the crisis and the labor market skill mismatch. If it is true that the crisis cut work places and opportunities especially for young people, on the other hand enterprisers struggle to find candidates with the right skills to fit their vacancies.
A national referendum took place in the United Kingdom on the 23th of June 2016. The subjects of Queen Elizabeth II voted to decide whether to remain or leave the European Union. The British public had spoken and the decision to leave the EU was made by a majority vote of 51.9%. The term “Brexit” was born as a result of a union of two words “Britain” and “exit”. In light of this; we must seek to understand what will change for the intelligence communities? What are the implications for national security? How will Brexit impact European and British intelligence in terms of management? MI5 and MI6 Eliza Manningham-Buller, Ex-MI5 Chief (British domestic intelligence) from 2002 to 2007, has spoken in favour of the “Remain” cause. She believes in a period of uncertainty for the country the probability that a terrorist attack happening within the United Kingdom is to be considered “very high”. She pointed out that in her view British citizens would be more protected remaining inside as opposed to outside of European political community. The United Kingdom is an influential power within the major European Forum’s, she feared leaving the EU would weaken this. Richard Dearlove, Ex-MI6 chief from 1999 to 2004, had the opposing view. He considers the Brexit move to be in the interest of a safer Britain and this in turn would mean an increased level of security for British citizens. In my opinion this would only occur if the British government along with Brussels and the security authorities adopted a strict immigration policy in order to maximise total control. A detailed management system of actual migration flows would need to be in place. The "do ut des" collaboration Another topic that I must highlight is the ongoing collaboration that is needed between the several different European intelligence’s organizations. Despite the overall feeling that the end result of exchanging activities in a “do ut des” way could be more advantageous for the EU than the UK. The Intelligence information is currently shared between them as inside the European security authorities these activities allow for stronger protection from terroristic attacks and several infiltrations. The stay safe approach has been carried out simultaneously with the stay connected policy as previously, and you can’t have one without the other. Post-Brexit; inner workings could come to a standstill if the European guide nations (Germany, France in primis) decide to centralise the flows of information and intelligence’s activities to just within the European Community instead of continuing to disclose them with the United Kingdom. The actual geopolitical situation In order to understand the present situation and possible further consequences we must analyze the actual geopolitical context. The starting procedure of a popular referendum is a government’s prerogative and as supposed, advised by its political administration, thus a political act that took place and Brexit was a matter of course. If we consider a different viewpoint; not forgetting the tragic murder of MP Jo Cox. It seems (from observing the mass media’s orientation during the lead up to the vote) and the social and political situation, the final results had been orientated by select authority centers from the beginning, in order to ensure the United Kingdom exited the European Union. This electoral result and its political consequences must be interpreted by considering the actual situation in which the British intelligence is working. Conclusion The MI5 and MI6 are not under the direct control of the Prime Minister; but Her Majesty The Queen (as confirmed in more than one incidence). Furthermore, these intelligence structures are completely set on the “Five Eyes System”, which is a security international organization of sharing intelligence information, this is formed from the co-operation between five of the best counter-intelligence services in the world: United Kingdom, United States, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. Therefore, we can certainly affirm the British secret services will not be deprived from their operative resources, even after Post-Brexit that will totally isolate them from the European contest. On a strategic level, if the United Kingdom cuts the umbilical cord that ties itself with the European Union, in order to stay closer to its overseas allies, the European intelligence community will lose a vital member. The UK has a very important role in managing internal and external security this may mean that the EU will find itself completely isolated and severely unprepared to fight the jihadism forces that are actually present in all the European countries, due to the extraordinary increase of immigration flows that we’ve seen in recent years. However; if this theory is correct I need to add that if there is truth that a “strategic retreat” from the European front will mean they are better able to implement stronger reorganisation of the British defense against International terrorism. This will not solely resolve the issues as it is a complex problem and an international one. Therefore, Brexit may oblige the European intelligence structures to manage an even more connected and strategically shared action. The other perspective would be that the USA-UK connection would be able to play a dominant role in a possible international alliance against terrorism: an alliance that should not forget the strategic importance of the European Union role, since there is a possibility of a future battlefield for the international community intelligence. @FoffanoAndrea
Dubliners who went to Phoenix Park for a walk on Sunday 3rd July had a glimpse of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia, thanks to the event organized, at Farmleigh House, by the embassies in Ireland of the three mentioned countries: the 'Baltic Day' began with the show of dance groups from Lithuania, 'Spiečius', Estonia, 'Liris' and Latvia, 'Karbunkulis', followed in the afternoon by music by folk bands 'Meelika Hainsoo & Ülemakstud Rentslihärrad' (Estonia),'Kreicbergi' (Lettonia),'Baltos Varnos' (Lituania). There has been space (in the framework offered by one of the best corners of Phoenix Park, a wide green area in the town of Dublin) for recipes, craftwork and info about the Baltic Countries, with many ideas for travels.
The psychological and emotional impact of the Brexit vote has been devastating. A few simple-minded people are still treating it as a victory, but the majority now see it for what it is: an unwanted and undeserved catastrophe. It was not a referendum about the European Union at all. Despite 43 years of membership, few British people would be able to tell you what the European Union is or what it does. This turned into a referendum about immigration.
While it is true that this second vote in six months did not offer an obvious majority, after a first on-the-spot reading, Spain's 26 June vote did change the political landscape in Spain and indirectly in Europe. Brexit's long wave of contributed undoubtedly to the result, but so did Unidos Podemos' (UP) at times inconsistent statements and the Popular Party's (PP) polarization and fear campaign.
Four parties, no absolute majority and no likely post-electoral pact. In addition, the alliance of Podemos with the United Left could overtake the Socialist Party (PSOE) with dynamics that one could call populist, but are different from other European countries. Help us understand how all of this came about. Firstly, the sorpasso of the PSOE by Unidos Podemos is a historic shift, and implies, of course, the end of a bi-party system. In the past the two traditional parties, the Popular Party (PP) and the PSOE, swept 85% of the seats. Now they do not exceed 50%.
Brexit or Bremain? European leaders are waiting with anxiety the results of the British referendum, but are Europeans worried about it? Not really. If on one hand European citizens support Britain to remain in EU, on the other side they do not think it will cause the end of Europe.
The European Commission, currently involved in the middle of reapproving the widely-used herbicide glyphosate, is growing visibly exasperated with some of its most powerful members. Earlier this month, news emerged that the French, German, and Italian governments were lobbying the Commission to move ahead with reauthorizing the herbicide without their support – all the while publicly speaking out against the move.
Living in Ireland in the long term, you will notice an ambivalent relationship with the United Kingdom: in the pubs, copies of the 1916’s rebel constitution framed alongside portraits of English soccer clubs, in the public debate the understanding to the demands of the decolonized world and the long-standing alliance with London, when it comes to European policies. The referendum of June 23rd is attracting increasing interest across all of Europe, but, when you consider Ireland, to count all the changes that would result from a redefinition of the UK's role in the EU looks a daunting task.