The many adventurous paths that lead to a European Union: involving politics, society, culture, economics, finance, the military.
A co-authored blog to describe the complexity of a new concept.
The horrible images since the attacks to women in Cologne and then the reprisal and the violence perpetrated by German extreme right extremists , hooligans , the xenophobic movement Pegida, are a bomb that risks to explode triggered by opposite hates and extremisms with circular reactions. Mala tempora currunt, it is the case to say that. In a recent analysis the EU Parliament shows the EU action to fight anti- semitism and islamophobia.
Schengen is under pressure. That’s what EU Commission admits with some difficulty. It is not surprising. We are living in a Europe of national egoisms that prevent EU integration and reception. While Angela Merkel in her speech for the end of the year mentions migrants as opportunities, not all European leaders seem to agree on that. The German prime minister appears quite lonely in her impulses towards integration and welcome of the refugees.
Integration and fighting radicalism need more effort on education and culture. Learning reading and writing skills reduces the risk of poverty: 12% of people could e lifted out of poverty if all students in poor countries had basic reading skills. In total one billion children and young people live in conflict affected areas.
Recently Uber entered the scene and gave a hard time to taxis drivers. Price competition is undeniable. But where Uber was not stopped by regulations, it created great jobs opportunities. The public opinion is divided between who is in favour and who is against Uber. While the European Parliament in a short analysis for the Transports Committee with some researches and literature on economic and social consequences of Uber.
December 20 (20D) will mark the end of Spain's political governance as we know it. The 13th largest economy in the world is no longer to be governed by a two-party system as it has since the advent of democracy in 1978. The center-right incumbent party, the Popular Party, has a chance of coming in first with a margin of 20 seats, but will hardly win the majority (176 seats) needed to decide the presidency.
Europe and its member states should prepare to a potential chemical attack. That’s what is mentioned in an analisys by the European Parliament. That also has been advised from the French President Hollande and the Premier Valls, after Paris attacks. "We are dealing with a very serious, well-resourced, determined international terrorist organisation that is now active on the streets of Europe. This represents the most serious terrorist threat faced in Europe for 10 years" Rob Wainwright head of Europol said during a debate at the European Parliament after Paris Attacks. Terrorism, is there the risk of chemical weapons? Isis is recruiting scientists After Paris, ISIL/Da'esh announced that further attacks would take place in the immediate future and that they will cause even more shock. There is the fear , according to experts, of the use of chemical, biological radiological and and nuclear (CBRN) weapons in future attacks on European targets. In the report it has been suggested the possibility of improvised explosive devices containing chemical or radioactive materials "ISIL actually has already acquired the knowledge, and in some cases the human expertise, that would allow it to use CBRN materials as weapons of terror" Wolfgang Rudischhauser, Director of the Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Non-Proliferation Centre at NATO Headquarters in Brussels said. The study affirms that ISIL/Da'esh is documented to have used chemical weapons in Syria and Iraq. In particular, the group appears to have manufactured rudimentary chemical-warfare shells, and used them to attack Kurdish positions in Iraq and Syria at least three times in June and July 2015. According to the investigators, this involved toxic industrial or agricultural chemicals used as lethal weapons. In the same period, in June, it seems that ISIL/Da'esh had used chlorine in combat as Australian Foreign Minister, Julie Bishop claimed. While Médecins Sans Frontières and the Syrian-American Medical Society (SAMS)5 reported suspected ISIL/Da'esh use of mustard gas in northern Syria. ISIL/Da’esh continues to recruite hundreds of foreign fighters, some of them are highly qualified individuals with including some with degrees in physics, chemistry, and computer science, who experts believe have the ability to manufacture lethal weapons from raw substances. The difficulties to access to chemical materials that stopped terrorists groups like Al Quaida in the past , are less of a problem for ISIIL/Da’esh. In the last year the group had several opportunities to have access to these chemical materials in Syria, in Iraq and Lybia. That’s why the Commission has drawn particular attention in this respect to returnees from Syria and other radicalised individuals, who have access to, or work in, sensitive areas. In Europe it is very easy for a determined terrorist outfit to access CBRN material. Every year there are hundreds of thefts and misplacements of these materials. Interpol’s monthly CBRN intelligence reports show numerous examples of attempts to acquire, smuggle or use CBRN materials. Governements and EU institutions should be on alert, it is writter in the report, and they have to publicize the risk of non conventional weapons in future attacks. Even EU institutions have devoted considerable efforts to preventing a CBRN attack on European soil and preparing worst-case scenarios. However, some gaps remain, in particular with regard to information- sharing among member states, experts say. How Islamic state gots it weapons A great part of the weapons used by the Islamic State come from Iraqi military stockpiles and have been manufactured by twenty-five countries including Cina, Russia, the US and some European states. That’s what appears in the report by Amnesty International “Taking stock: the arming of the Islamic state” based on thousands of videos and images . According to the NGO, it is the consequenceof years of weapons of war that have been freely flowing into Iraq and also slack controls over Iraqi military stockpiles. After the occupation of Mosul , ISIL obtained a huge quantity of intrnational weapons and munitions and military vehicles. Furthermore between 2011 and 2013 USA and Iraq signed agreements to provide weapons for a value of a billion. At the end of 2014 weapons and munitions for a value of 500 million of dollars have been counted , training and equipping for 1.6 billion of dollars and 43.200 shotguns M4. "The variety of weapons that uses armed group calling itself the Islamic state, is an indication of how reckless the trade of arms becomes a cause of large-scale violence" Patrick Wilcken , Amnesty International reasearcher, said. @IreneGiuntella
Reuse, repair, refurbish and recylce. That’s the circular economy, that does not mean to multiply products perpetually, but on the contrary to valorize products and the materials they contain. Moving toward a circular economy, as reported in an analysis by EU Parliament, would be an environmental and economic rationale: It could reduce pressures on the environment, with positive effects on ecosystems, biodiversity and human health.
Housing in Europe? It is going to be more and more difficult. Housing it is also a matter of social exclusion. In the recent days, we often referred to Paris and Brussels banlieues where marginalisation, poverty and exlcusion facilitate the growth of radicalism. Precarious housing does not limit this social emergency. Many people live at the margins of our societies in suburban ghettos. Free zones, where integration is only a face, they sound more like a tacit approval “ if you stay there it is ok for the State”. That’s why entire areas in the cities seem to be abandoned to their destiny, without laws and any form of bump into different cultures living in same cities.
On November 12th Sweden has established some temporary controls at the Öresund Bridge, which connects Malmö and the country to neighboring Denmark. The arrival of two hundred thousand migrants is expected in the current year in Sweden, whose population does not reach ten million (on November 12th sixteen hundred people have applied for asylum). The northern European country - if you look to the size of its population - is home to the highest number of refugees in the continent.
The governments of more than 190 nations and at least 80 world leaders, including Barack Obama and Xi Jinping, such is the magnitude of the personalities expected to attend the most important chapter ever of the Conference of the Parties on climate. An huge organizational and security effort was already underway in host city Paris before the November 13 terror bloodbath. Despite the mourning and the new extreme security level "COP will take place," said French Pres. François Hollande.