Terrorists have the sultan under siege


Kurdish terrorism, the Raqqa caliph, the hated al-Assad, the Iranian menace and then the coup. With so many enemies, Erdogan has to make some friends. 

The battle of Alleppo in the summer and autumn of 2016 was a major watershed in the process of re- drawing the balance of power in the Syrian conflict. This reconfiguration not only concerns the two main rival camps engaged in the conflict – the Bashar al- Assad regime and the armed opposition – but also internal relations within the oppo- sition forces themselves, especially among the Salafi and jihadi groups.  

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